On October 1, 2012, the Law on the reform of the Center for Combating Economic Crimes and Corruption (CCECC) came into force, and thus, the former CCECC became the National Anticorruption Center (NAC). The creation of the new anticorruption agency, with exclusive powers to prevent and counteract corruption, was a condition imposed by the European Union for the liberalization of the visa regime.
Center for Combating Economic Crimes and Corruption
The National Anticorruption Center is the legal successor of the CCECC - an institution, created on June 6, 2002, by merging the Economic-Financial Police Directorate and the Anti-Corruption Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Financial Guard and the Financial Control and Review Department of the Ministry of Finance.
The creation of the Center (CCECC) was determined, first of all, by the need to build an efficient state structure, the main purpose of which was to combat economic crimes and corruption in the Republic of Moldova.
Another requirement, no less important, was the need to optimize the structure and activity of the control bodies. In 2002, following evaluations regarding the activity of the law and control institutions, it was found that the functions of different state institutions were duplicated, on the one hand, and inefficient interactions between them, on the other. As a result, there was a considerable number of tendencies and inopportune checks and reviews that did not produce the expected effects in order to eradicate economic crimes and the phenomenon of corruption in society.
At the same time, among the CIS countries, only in the Republic of Moldova the control bodies did not have criminal prosecution functions. With the adoption of the Law on the Center for Combating Economic Crimes and Corruption, an institution with a complex system for detecting economic crimes was created in Moldova, starting with obtaining and documenting the operative information, carrying out the review and control act, the criminal prosecution. and submitting the case to the court.
Also, the formation of CCECC was also determined by the European integration standards that required the existence of specialized anticorruption bodies.
Thus, the Center for Combating Economic Crimes and Corruption was an imperative of the time, the activity of the institution, initially, aiming at preventing, discovering, investigating, eliminating contraventions and economic-financial and fiscal offenses; countering corruption and protectionism; counteracting the legalization of goods and money laundering illegally obtained, carrying out the anticorruption expertise of the draft legislative acts and the draft normative acts of the Government, in order to align them with the state policy of preventing and combating corruption.
Starting with 01.07.2002, after the publication of the Law of the Republic of Moldova on the Center for Combating Economic Crimes and Corruption no.1104-XV from 06.06.2002 in the Official Monitor, the hiring of the personnel from the Department of Financial Control and Review of the Ministry has begun Finance, the Anti-corruption Directorate of the Department for Combating Organized Crime and Corruption, the Economic-Financial Police Directorate of the General Police Inspectorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs; of the Financial Guard of the Main State Fiscal Inspectorate.
On 13.12.2002, the reorganization of the Center took place and a new classification scheme was approved, according to which the subdivisions of the institution were territorially located in the cities of Chisinau, Balti, Edineţ, Soroca, Ungheni, Orhei, Hincesti, Causeni, Cahul and Comrat.
This structure was functional until May 13, 2004, when the reorganization of the Center took place, with the reduction of some subdivisions, as a result of the elimination of 8 general territorial directions. Thus, out of the 9 territorial subdivisions, only two remained in the composition of the Center: the General Territorial Directorate of Balti and the General Territorial Directorate of Cahul.
During the 10 years of existence, C.C.C.E.C. has passed through 9 processes of structural reform and reorganization, 3 times his procedural competences were changed and 5 directors changed.
1. Alexei Roibu
2. Valentin Mejinschi
3. Serghei Pușcuța
4. Serghei Mejinschi
5. Viorel Chetraru